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Home > Health Library > Infantile Spasms (West Syndrome)
Infantile spasms (West syndrome) is a type of epilepsy that usually starts before a child is 1 year old. The spasms affect a child's head, torso, and limbs. The spasms last for seconds and may occur in clusters. Children with West syndrome have certain changes in the electrical impulses in the brain. And most have developmental delays.
Although an exact cause cannot always be found, infantile spasms may be caused by diseases, injuries, or infections that occurred before, during, or after birth.
Infantile spasms are treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) or steroids like prednisone. Vigabatrin, an antiseizure medicine, may also be an effective treatment for infantile spasms. Sometimes other antiseizure medicines are used.
Current as of:
December 13, 2021
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: John Pope MD - PediatricsMartin J. Gabica MD - Family MedicineKathleen Romito MD - Family MedicineSteven C. Schachter MD - Neurology
Current as of: December 13, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:John Pope MD - Pediatrics & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Steven C. Schachter MD - Neurology
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